Afghan refugees repatriation and Peace process

By Umer Hayat&Ismail Ahmad |sepetmber 6, 2016 |

Border skirmishes in the month of weddings and brides between Afghanistan and Pakistan made settled refugees downtrodden. A month known to unite two different entities, proved to be a jinx of the afghan refugees lingering dwelling. Both countries ramp up the deployment of forces at the fence. People on both sides pour scorn on each other with inimical attitude. Clashes halted with the causalities of some soldiers from both sides but afghan Diaspora in Pakistan are bogged down in a quagmire. Pakistanis debased and defamed afghan refugees on different outlets. These stereotypes by the citizens of Pakistan forced government to evict them as soon as possible- the aftermath of border saga.

Provincial government of Khyber PukhtunKhwa has adopted a contentious policy with respect to the admission of the refuges students. Private and public educational institutions have completely banned refugee’s admission, which is not a written order but verbal from security apparatus of the country. ANP leader Asfand yaar wali lambasted the aforementioned contentious policy of the KP government. He is politically correct because such controversial policies for the long stayed guests will upsurge their frustrations and anti Pakistan feelings.

How lenient policy will be crafted towards repatriation of afghan refugees that can assure volunteer repatriation?

Pakistan has to made Afghan refugee’s repatriation and Afghan-led, Afghan-owned peace process a concomitant event. A process constituted on quadrilateral parties should unequivocally ensure that progress towards a peace settlement creates opportunities for volunteer repatriation and integration. More effective variables and measurements are required for obliterating the escalated hate speeches in the holy month of god-June. It can be constrained with the in-depth analysis of the documentations of the ways in which negative images of the refugees are portrayed in media and social media. The results of the findings will pave the ways for both the officials to scrutinize and made practical guidelines for combating hate speeches.

Coercive repatriation of the afghan refugees will not bring harmony between Afghanistan and Pakistan.  Mutual integration between the two can only be ensured by the peaceful, dignified and volunteer repatriation. The dilemma of the afghan Diaspora should be at the top of the agenda of any future afghan-led peace process by Pakistan, when it will participate in any afghan peace process.  Provisions could include security reassurance in the areas of resettlement, assistance and freedom of movements for assistance providers. Another formidable issue to be tackled by Pakistan is to develop legal and transparent mechanisms for afghan to hold assets and conduct business in Pakistan. This issue can be legitimately separated from the broader issue of refugees as some inward afghan investment into Pakistan could be anticipated as a normal part of bilateral relations, even if there were no afghan refugees.

To cope the refugees’ influx into Pakistan, the government of Afghanistan forced to construct well equipped hospitals, educational institutions in the areas of resettlement and providing them all the necessities of life. Most of the refuges have no land in Afghanistan with zilch economic status, eager to earn for the square meal will not be able to sustainable life in Afghanistan after repatriation.

The writers are students at National Defense University(NDU) Islamabad and can be reached at: 

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