Wei Wang, Aijiao Liu & Bingfeng Fu
In 2020, the Covid-2019 swept the world. Faced with this unprecedented problem, all countries seemed helpless at the beginning, and only alleviated it soon. The Covid-2019 has brought disaster to the people, put pressure on the country, and hit the global economic integration. Countries are making plans to fight the epidemic, racing against time to deal with various problems caused by the epidemic, speeding up the recovery of the national economy, and seeking to maximize benefits, hoping to be helped in the cruel wind and snow. However, on the evening of June 15th, 2020, in the Kalwan River valley area on the China-India border, the Indian army violated its promise and once again crossed the line of actual control illegally, deliberately launching provocative attacks, causing intense physical clashes between the two sides, causing casualties. The confrontation between the armed forces of the two countries in the border area has increased the heat of the border issue and affected the trend of China-India relations. How to handle this issue is related to the long-term development of bilateral relations.
The impact of the Sino-Indian border conflict on the relationship between the two countries is reflected in politics, economy, and people’s lives and so on:
Both China and India have many years of civilized history, and they have also suffered colonial rule in the course of historical development. In the modern history of China, China was invaded by foreign powers, historical civilization was destroyed, the Chinese ruling class became stiffened by outsiders, the social nature of the country changed, and autonomy was violated. There was also an indelible colonial period in India’s history. However, on August 15, 1947, the nation of India declared its independence. Two countries with the same experience should have a lot of “topics” at the starting point, but as time goes by, the relationship does not improve. After India’s independence, there are remnants of British federalism, and India accepts the British “Asian Center” idea and wants to establish the “Indian Empire” concept. After the Sino-Indian friction in 1962, anti-Chinese forces began to appear. In 2020, the Sino-Indian conflict intensified and the relationship between the two countries deteriorated, and India’s anti-China nationalism was on the rise. Both governments have adopted corresponding countermeasures. Now that the Sino-Indian border clashes, the relationship between the two countries has become more tense.
Most of India’s exports are the United States, the United Arab Emirates, and Hong Kong, China. In June 2020, the bilateral import and export volume of goods between China and India was US$ 7,009.219 million, of which: the total value of China’s exports to India was US$ 4,785.637 million, the total value of China’s imports from India was US$ 2,223.582 million, and the trade balance between China and India was US$ 2,562.055 million. From January to June 2020, the bilateral import and export volume of goods between China and India was US$ 35,351.983 million, a decrease of 20.9% year-on-year. Among them, the total value of China’s exports to India was US$ 26,681.933 million, and the total value of China’s imports from India was US$ 8,670.051 million, The trade balance between China and India was US$ 18,011,882 million. Tension in Sino-Indian relations has dealt a more serious blow to the economy and trade of the two countries.
3.The impact of people’s lives.
Under the influence of the epidemic, people’s lives are not optimistic. In 2020, the conflict between China and India has caused panic among the people of the two countries. Residents living in the border area worry about their lives every day. Regarding India’s anti-China and anti-Chinese concept, the emergence of a “Remove China app” once again demonstrated India’s firm stance on China and opposed products made in China. The conflict on the Sino-Indian border has made cultural exchanges between the two countries difficult. It is indeed a pity that the two countries that have both had a cultural background for many years cannot achieve good exchanges more deeply. Not only these aspects, customs, entertainment, construction methods and so on, should have mutual exchanges, mutual learning, and common progress, but the Sino-Indian border conflict is pushing away these beautiful things related to people’s lives farther and farther.
In the process of handling the border issue between the two countries, both parties should fully realize that “maintaining peace and tranquility in the border area is an important prerequisite for the further development of bilateral relations between the two countries.” And in the process of handling the border issue, form an effective dialogue mechanism creates conditions for the management and control of border conflicts and the thorough settlement of border disputes.
1.China-India border affairs consultation and coordination mechanism.
The working mechanism for border affairs consultation and coordination studies methods to develop and strengthen exchanges and cooperation between military personnel and agencies in border areas, and deals with possible problems and situations that may affect peace and tranquility of border areas. The border affairs consultation and coordination mechanism does not explore solutions to border issues and does not affect the operation of the meeting mechanism of special representatives on border issues. So far, the China-India border affairs consultation and coordination mechanism has held 12 meetings. On September 27, 2018, the 12th Border Affairs Consultation and Coordination Mechanism Meeting was held in Chengdu. The two sides reached consensus on the establishing of a regular meeting mechanism for the headquarters of the two armies, neighboring military regions, and border defense forces, establishing telecommunications links, and conducting various exchange activities. To achieve peace and tranquility in the border areas and create conditions for the healthy development of China-India relations.
- The meeting mechanism of special representatives of China-India on the border issue.
The China-India border special representatives meeting mechanism “emphasizes the importance of maintaining strategic communication at all levels.” It has made outstanding contributions in building various confidence-building measures and promoting exchanges and communication between border personnel. The special representative on the border Issues is authorized by the privileges of the governments China and India. Each country is limited to one person. It is responsible for presiding over the meeting of special representatives on the border issue between China and India to discuss the basic framework for solving the border issue from a political perspective.
In today’s economic globalization, China and India, as neighboring countries with a population of about 2.4 billion, have a huge market. The economic and trade exchanges between the two countries are very necessary, not only for the economic development of the two countries, but also for the economic development of the two countries. The economic development of Asia and the world has an important pulling effect. Although the border conflict has restricted the economic and trade exchanges between China and India to a certain extent, it should be noted that the two countries have strong economic complementarities. Both China and India should take more active and effective measures to properly solve the economic and trade problems caused by the conflict between China and India and achieve common development.
（Wang Wei, Aijiao Liu, Scholars at Yunnan Police Academy; Bingfeng Fu, Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences）